The Great Himalaya Trail is one of the longest and highest walking trails in the world. Winding beneath the world’s highest peaks and visiting some of the most remote communities on earth, it passes through lush green valleys, arid high plateaus and incredible landscapes.
The trail covers the full distance of the Himalayan Range in Nepal from the district of Taplejung in the East to Humla and Darchula in the West and ultimately continues through Tibet, India, and Myanmar in East of Nepal and Tibet, India and Pakistan in the West.
Nepal’s GHT is divided into ten connecting treks with a duration of 2-3 weeks each on average. The treks can be done subsequently or completely separate from each other. Besides, each GHT section features a number of side-treks of varying duration and difficulty, some of which require camping equipment and others that can be done teahouse style. With numerous trekking options and new tourism attractions, each GHT section forms a distinct trekking and adventure destination within itself.
Trekkers can choose between two routes. Nepal’s GHT high route is winding through high mountain ranges on an average altitude of 3000 to 5000 meters, providing for breath-taking views on the country’s towering peaks. Along the GHT low route, often referred to as the cultural route, tourists will get the chance to visit small communities and villages and learn about the culture and traditions of Nepal’s various ethnic groups.
Trekking along the GHT high route makes for an unforgettable adventure and the trip of a lifetime.
The trail stretches over a distance of about 1,700 km and passes through spectacular, high altitude mountain landscapes, visiting some of the most remote villages on earth, where life remains as it was centuries back.
Trekking along the GHT high route requires to cross high passes with altitudes up to 6,146 m and the whole trek takes about 150 days on average. Proper trekking gear and mountaineering equipment are needed and anyone attempting this trek should be physically fit and have trekking and ideally some mountaineering experience. For safety, a local mountain guide who knows the terrain is definitely recommended especially in high altitudes. Due to the remoteness of the trek, camping is required for most parts of the adventure and it is necessary that you (or your porter) carry a tent, food and cooking equipment. But what could be better than pitching your tent surrounded by the mighty snow-capped Himalayas and sleeping under the starlit sky?
Nepal’s high route starts north of the Kanchenjunga Base Camp and ends in Hilsa at Nepal’s Tibetan border in the Western district of Humla.
The GHT low route – also called the cultural route – winds through the country’s mid-hills with an average altitude of 2000m. However, there are many passes to cross with the highest being the Jang La at 4519 m between Dhorpatan and Dolpa in West-Nepal.
Trekking along the GHT low route means walking through beautiful lush forests, pastures, green rice terraces, and fertile agricultural land, providing the basis for Nepal’s rich culture and civilization. You will come across local settlements of many different cultural groups, giving you the chance to see what authentic Nepali village life is all about.
For most parts of the trek, you’ll be able to stay in small guesthouses or homestays, but make sure to still take your tent for some of the more remote sections of the route. With lots of local restaurants around, you’ll find a place to eat almost everywhere and so you don’t necessarily need to carry large amounts of food. Shorter than the high route, the GHT low route stretches over a distance of 1,500 km and the whole trek will roughly take around 100 days.